A mining process in which rock is stripped away to expose mineral deposits near the surface is

a.

subsurface mining.

c.

placer mining.

b.

surface mining.

d.

undersea mining.

 

 

____                What is the next step in a nuclear reactor after nuclear fission occurs in fuel rods?

a.

Water is pumped around the fuel rods.

b.

Uranium-235 is mined into uranium-enriched pellets.

c.

Steam turns turbines that provide power for generators.

d.

Excess heat is released into the environment.

 

 

____                The most abundant fossil fuel in the world is

a.

petroleum.

c.

coal.

b.

natural gas.

d.

crude oil.

 

 

____             What happens during nuclear fission?

a.

Two small nuclei combine to form a large atomic nucleus.

b.

The nucleus of a large atom splits into two or more smaller nuclei.

c.

Nuclei of hydrogen atoms combine and release neutrons.

d.

Electrons strike neighboring atoms.

 

 

____                In a passive solar system, energy is collected by

a.

the moon.

c.

a photovoltaic cell.

b.

windows facing the sun.

d.

a solar collector.

 

 

____                The water for geothermal power plants is heated by

a.

tide movements.

c.

magma-heated rock.

b.

nuclear fission.

d.

the sun.

 

 

____                The energy source in which a dam plays a key role is

a.

active solar.

c.

wind energy.

b.

geothermal.

d.

hydroelectric.

 

 

____                A catalytic converter is a device that

a.

conserves fossil fuels.

c.

prevents coal mine fires.

b.

lessens soil erosion.

d.

reduces air pollution.

 

 

____                Acid precipitation forms as a result of

a.

subsurface mining.

c.

burning of fossil fuels.

b.

geothermal power plants.

d.

strip mining.

 

 

____             Which describes a way to conserve fossil fuels?

a.

Use sandstone instead of granite.

c.

Conduct frequent mine inspections.

b.

Use water-saving faucets.

d.

Wash only full loads of laundry.

 

 

____                Which is most responsible for destruction of wildlife habitats?

a.

surface mines

c.

mine reclamation

b.

gasoline-burning vehicles

d.

recycling

 

 

____                How is the energy that reaches Earth from the sun produced?

a.

nuclear fission

c.

nuclear fusion

b.

hydroelectric

d.

geothermal

 

 

____                Coal deposits are formed by

a.

buried microorganisms in prehistoric oceans.

b.

fluids moving through impermeable rock.

c.

carbonization of plant remains.

d.

burning hydrocarbons.

 

 

____                A heating system that uses solar collectors is a(n)

a.

photovoltaic cell.

c.

active system.

b.

passive system.

d.

geothermal power plant.

 

 

____                What is released in large amounts when coal with a high sulfur content is burned?

a.

sulfur dioxide

c.

carbon monoxide

b.

carbon dioxide

d.

hydrogen

 

 

____                What is used in an active solar system that is not used in a passive system?

a.

a photovoltaic cell

c.

a solar collector

b.

geothermal energy

d.

a wind turbine

 

 

____                A well that is drilled to reach hot water heated by magma is harnessing

a.

hydroelectric energy.

c.

nuclear energy.

b.

solar energy.

d.

geothermal energy.

 

 

____                Bituminous coal is produced when extreme pressure is applied to

a.

lignite.

c.

natural gas.

b.

anthracite.

d.

crude oil.

 

 

____                The hardest form of coal is

a.

peat.

c.

lignite.

b.

anthracite.

d.

bituminous coal.

 

 

____                Most electricity in the United States is produced from

a.

fossil fuels.

c.

solar energy.

b.

nuclear fuels.

d.

hydroelectric energy.

 

 

____                Scientists estimate that at the present rate of use, the worldŐs coal reserves will last approximately

a.

3,000 years.

c.

50 years.

b.

200 years.

d.

5 years.

 

 

____                Fuel rods in nuclear reactors are made up of pellets of

a.

uranium.

c.

platinum.

b.

chromium.

d.

magnesium.

 

 

____                Nuclear waste from commercial reactors is currently stored in

a.

cement vaults.

c.

on-site water pools or dry casks.

b.

mountain caves.

d.

coal mines.

 

 

 

____                Which of the following reactions is represented by this diagram?

a.

decomposition

c.

nuclear fission

b.

carbonation

d.

nuclear fusion

 

 

____                Using a rooftop collector to capture the sunŐs energy is an example of

a.

nuclear fusion.

c.

active solar heating.

b.

nuclear fission.

d.

passive solar heating.

 

 

____                Water that is heated as it flows through hot rocks is a source of

a.

geothermal energy.

c.

solar energy.

b.

fossil fuels.

d.

hydroelectric energy.

 

 

____                A disadvantage of wind-driven generators is that

a.

fuel is expensive.

c.

the wind does not always blow.

b.

wind energy is inefficient.

d.

generators pollute the atmosphere.

 

 

____                Which of the following would not be considered part of the direct input of energy from the sun?

a.

solar energy

b.

hydropower

c.

biomass

d.

geothermal

e.

wind

 

 

____                Which of the following is not a member of OPEC?

a.

Saudi Arabia

b.

United States

c.

Kuwait

d.

Nigeria

e.

Venezuela

 

 

____                The most effective water heater

a.

is an electric water tank

b.

is a gas water heater

c.

is an oil water heater

d.

is a tankless instant water heater fired by natural gas

e.

is a propane water heater

 

 

____                Renewable energy resources include all of the following, except

a.

the sun

b.

the wind

c.

biomass

d.

natural gas

e.

water

 

 

____                Windows designed to capture solar energy in the United States face

a.

north

b.

east

c.

south

d.

west

e.

northeast

 

 

____                All of the following are features of passive solar design, except

a.

adobe walls used for heat storage

b.

coniferous trees blocking the sun all year

c.

windows on the south side of the house

d.

summer cooling vents in the roof

e.

flagstone floor used for heat storage

 

 

____                Cells that convert solar energy directly into electricity are called

a.

electrosolar chips

b.

photovoltaic cells

c.

helioelectric units

d.

photoelectric cells

e.

solarelectric cells

 

 

____                The world's fastest growing energy resource is

a.

hydroelectric dams

b.

wind power

c.

nuclear power

d.

coal-fired power plants

e.

tidal energy